The plans and recommendations developed in Berlin in January 2020 were approved by the UN Security Council in February. The main one was to stop the supply of weapons and military equipment to the Libyan warring parties. For this purpose, it was proposed to form two groups of military specialists under the auspices of the UN to track military supplies.
In New York, Russia abstained from voting for British-proposed initiatives: London was expected to submit a tougher proposal for the consideration of the community in relation to countries exporting weapons to Libya. Moscow believes the recommendations and plans are only declarative and will prove unable to temperate third parties that directly or indirectly seek their narrow national interests in this North African country.
For the time being, Turkey is known to remain the key arms exporter to Libya. This fact has been confirmed by the UN, regional and other powers. And the Turkish leaders do not hide this themselves: they appeal to the fact of allegedly acting under the agreement with the legitimate Libyan government. However, this government and groups of Islamic radicals supporting it are one of the parties to the internal political conflict with several strictly prohibiting UN Security Council resolutions adopted against it, as well as against the other side.
Turkey openly provides military assistance to Fayez al-Sarraj's Government of National Accord by supplying tanks, armored vehicles, various types of artillery, ammunition, and military equipment. In Libya, there are about one thousand Turkish military specialists and a contingent of Muslim mercenaries transferred from Syria and accounting for about five thousand fighters.
At the same time, the other opposing side – the Libyan National Army (LNA) under the command of Marshal Khalifa Haftar – is hard to fault for military cooperation with third parties. Neither Fayez al-Sarraj nor the Turks are able to provide direct evidence. Ankara accuses Russia, Egypt, the United Arab Emirates of providing military and material assistance, while Italy, Greece, France, Cyprus, Israel, Saudi Arabia and several other states are blamed for political assistance to Marshal Khalifa Haftar.
Turkish leader Recep Erdogan claims that there are up to two thousand people of Russia's notorious Wagner private military group fighting with the LNA. But no one has ever met them in the territory of Libya. Recently, Erdogan cared enough to declare that he allegedly had a photo of Khalifa Haftar socializing with Ministers Sergei Lavrov and Sergei Shoigu, along with Russian armed forces' Chief of General Staff Valery Gerasimov and the Wagner company head. For some reason, the Turk did not show this photo to anyone...
Tayyip Recep Erdogan can be understood: in Syria, his policy has clearly become stalled. In 2016, he lost revenues from reselling stolen Syrian oil. By virtue of the Russian Aerospace Forces, by the way. Then he set out to grab a third of Syria's richest territory, which would be overseen by the Turkish-controlled units of the Syrian Muslim Brotherhood. But it didn't work out that way here either: the Americans intercepted the initiative and are composedly pumping and selling Syrian oil and natural gas. Well, there is no arguing with a large fist...
It seemed Erdogan could piggyback on Libya, negotiate with Moscow, deal with the Marshal and gain a foothold in the oil fields by proxy (i.e. Syrian mercenaries). But it went sore: Haftar imposed a blockade of the Tripoli seaport, dispersed all the staff at oil-producing enterprises and ceased pumping oil and associated gas to storage terminals in Tripoli. According to his statement, Fayez al-Sarraj's Government of National Accord lost $ 1.4 billion in revenue from natural resources sales over the last solar month alone!
Thus, Khalifa Haftar deprived his opponent of fuel for armored vehicles and automotive equipment, jeopardizing oil supplies to a number of European countries. Can this explain the recent increased European activity in pursuit of ways to end the war in Libya?
Meanwhile, the troops of the Libyan National Army proceed with military operations against Fayez al-Sarraj's troops in Tripoli and are no longer confined to attacks on the capital. Khalifa Haftar's air force has significantly enhanced the weight of attack on enemy personnel and military targets in the city of Misrata, the symbolic capital of those supporting the leader of the Government of National Accord.
On February 18, LNA artillery brought down fire upon Turkish sea transport that arrived at the port of Tripoli with another shipment of military equipment and ammunition for Muslim radical groups. Heaven knows what Recep Erdogan will do in response. He will probably once again accuse Russia, which is inclined to support the international community's decision to impose a naval blockade of Libya for the delivery of weapons and military equipment to the country.