This regional military and political organization was established in 1981 by Arabian monarchies of the Arabian Peninsular to provide for collective security in light of the war between Iraq and Iran. .
It is the first time in the GCC history when its session is attended by an Iranian delegation headed by President M. Ahmadinejad.
Key topics of the agenda include the developments in Iraq, nuclear program of Iran and measures to stabilize situation in Palestine.
In this connection Emir of Qatar Shaikh Jasim bin Muhammad Al-Thani in his address at the opening ceremony said that the summit is held against the background of real threats to the Gulf countries. “The parties should return to the discussion of their positions to snatch an opportunity to solve complicated problems of Iran, situation in Iraq and Palestinian problem”, he said. .
Emir of Qatar urged all countries of the region to maintain peace, stability and security in the Gulf area on the basis of peaceful coexistence and mutual respect.
In turn M. Ahmadinejad emphasized that “the Gulf countries are closely interconnected “, and expressed hope that peace and security in the region could be ensured without any external interference. The Iranian leader offered to the GCC countries to sign an agreement on mutual security with Iran.
Within the framework of the summit it is planned to conduct bilateral negotiations with Iran, including talks on territorial dispute with the UAE relating to islands Aboo Moosa, Lesser and Greater Tumbs occupied by Iran in the 80-s. Currently these islands are of a strategic importance for Iran because they provide for control over the Hormuz Strait and shipping in the Gulf in general.
As for the national nuclear program M Ahmadinejad said again that it is a purely peaceful atomic energy program that is supervised by the IAEA and not in conflict with the Non Proliferation Treaty.
According to international analysts, the invitation of Iran to attend the GCC Summit is interpreted as recognition of growing Iran influence on the development of military and political situation in the region. The efforts of the Arab community to restore mutual trust in the relationships with Iran are directed first of all towards prevention of new military threats.
The participation of M. Ahmadinejad in the 28-th Session in Doha convincingly demonstrates to Western Europe and USA that it is possible to conduct a dialogue with Iran on the basis of respect of its national interests.