Poles mourn the victims of "Volyn Massacre" / News / News agency Inforos
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Poles mourn the victims of "Volyn Massacre"

Poles mourn the victims of "Volyn Massacre"

During a month the Poles mourn the victims of "Volyn Massacre" - mass murder of ethnic Poles by the militants of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army (an organization banned in Russia). Two years ago, the Polish Sejm approved July 11 as the official date of commemoration of the dead. The date was not chosen by chance - that's the day that Ukrainian nationalists destroyed about the 150 villages in the Volyn region with a predominantly Polish population.

"In this horrific day Polish inhabitants of nearly a hundred towns were attacked and cruelly murdered. On this one day, 8,000 Poles died. Around 100,000 of our compatriots were killed in the whole Volhynia Massacre, men and women, children and the elderly. This is one of the most tragic and painful pages of Polish history during World War II", Polish President Andrzej Duda said.

Against this background, in recent years the campaign for the heroization of leaders and ordinary militants of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army has been gaining momentum in Ukraine. Immediately after his election as president, Petro Poroshenko announced the day of the formation of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army a public holiday. In May 2015, the Ukrainian leader appropriated to the UPA militants the status of "fighters for independence", and the organization's members got the right to social guarantees. In Ukrainian cities, nationalists regularly hold marches with portraits of UPA leaders Roman Shukhevych and Stepan Bandera.

The Poles vehemently criticize such actions of the Ukrainian government.

"I think the heroization of the UPA militants who were associated with Hitler is the bad decision. They were very cruel, very criminally behaved during the Second World War, they killed the civilian population. I absolutely disagree with the Ukrainian authorities who are building monuments to these criminals. Anyone who builds monuments to criminals destroys his future. Not only the past, but the future. No crime can be a positive example", Sejm deputy, father of the Prime minister of Poland, Kornel Moravetsky said.

However, Kiev stubbornly continues to pursue a policy of glorification of the UPA effaceurs. Some Ukrainian politicians even urge the government to return the  title of the country's heroes to the leaders of Ukrainian nationalists Roman Shukhevych and Stepan Bandera, appropriated by former President Viktor Yushchenko in 2010. Then the court overturned the decision of the former head of state. Experts state that taking into account the position of the current Ukrainian authorities, relations between Kiev and Warsaw in the near future will not improve.

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