The war against Syria has been underway for eight years already. And we can definitely say that the goals of those who unleashed it have never been achieved. Nothing helped the militants, whether it be weapons supply, provision of funds, economic sanctions resembling a blockade, or an incredible-scale information campaign against Damascus. That’s not to mention the actions of the so-called global coalition, which conducted its operations in Syria in a egregious violation of the country's sovereignty and international law.
It's a safe bet that behind all this was the United States. And now that America has failed to put pressure on the Damascus authorities and to impose unfavorable deals both inside the country and abroad (like the so-called "deal of the century" to resolve the Palestinian-Israeli conflict), it resorts to other methods and begins implementing other plans. In a way all this provides an answer to the question why Donald Trump chose this very moment to recognize Israeli sovereignty over the occupied Golan Heights.
We are primarily talking about US policy failure to destroy the Syrian state by supporting terrorist groups. It is also noteworthy that this creates a kind of precedent when the United States failed to play the part of a policeman to the world within the unipolar world concept. And this points to the formation of a new order, under which Washington will have to admit that there are other players as well, and its role will no longer be the only major one.
As for other reasons that prompted America to recognize Israeli sovereignty over the Golan Heights, it is particularly necessary to highlight the pro-Israeli lobby represented both in the financial and media environment within the United States itself. This time the activity of structures that have been largely forming Washington's foreign policy for decades, is aimed at maintaining power of the rightwing forces in Israel ahead of the upcoming parliamentary elections.
And all this against the background of corruption allegations faced by current Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu. Donald Trump's second goal is an attempt (by means of support of pro-Israeli structures, large corporations and congressmen) to guarantee his continued tenure of a president and election for a second term, while hampering the forces operating against him.
Meanwhile, concerning the foreign policy aspects of the US decision on the Golan Heights, we can also distinguish an attempt to indirectly harm Russian positions. This primarily involves the desire to wring certain concessions from Syria on limiting the influence and presence of foreign forces in its territory, namely Iran, the Lebanese Hezbollah movement and, of course, Moscow.
The United States is obviously very much concerned about Russia's role in the Syrian conflict, about success in the fight against terrorists, and about its growing presence in the Middle East. And if we recall other examples like the Crimea or Venezuela, it appears that Russia is successfully outcompeting the Americans where they have been playing a leading part until recently. And of course, Washington is not going to turn a blind eye to this.
So to some extent, Donald Trump's decision on the Golan Heights was rather predictable, especially to those at least marginally following the United States' conduct on the global stage. But anyway, the time it was adopted caused a negative reaction, particularly from the American allies, for instance, Great Britain and France.
It fully demonstrated Washington's attitude to international agreements and resolutions of the UN Security Council and showed that, from the American perspective, one needs to apply the law of jungle rather than the principles which universal organization is based on. In this regard, it is becoming increasingly urgent to combine efforts to counter this type of American moves and to create a more balanced system – especially in the face of terrorism ubiquity which has grown to the most disastrous proportions ever experienced by the unipolar system.