It is expected that during the talks the leaders of two neighboring countries will focus on coordination of joint operations against illicit armed Islamic formations.
The day before, Hamid Karzai expressed the need to deliver strikes on the terrorist camps in the territory of Pakistan near the border with Afghanistan, and conduct combat and special operations by the Afghan National Army (ANA) and NATO forces in conjunction the Pakistani troops.
Lately, the Coalition Force Command and ANA continually noted the intensifying subversive activity of Taliban Islamic Movement, changes in the tactics of terrorist attacks and increased number of casualties among servicemen and peaceful people.
Combatants in Kabul started using the Iraqi tactics of simultaneous several powerful explosions and attacks of suicide bombers against military and other facilities, and kidnapping foreign and “local” hostages to implant overall horror of Islamic terrorism and discredit the authorities. The number of casualties in the terrorist attacks only in last 6 months totals more than 6000.
In spite of all efforts to improve combat effectiveness of the national Armed Forces, the Afghan Government failed to take over the control of the situation all over the country. Due to a large-scale military operation of the Coalition Force and ANA troops conducted in the eastern and south-eastern areas in December, several Taliban militia units were defeated, many weapon and ammunition storages were destroyed. At the same time, in spite of the tactical success the Taliban military command and control centers survived and succeeded once again to bring the main forces out of the country and escape to Pakistan.
The US Force Command in Afghanistan already requested the Pentagon to reinforce the coalition troops with additional units to be airlifted from Iraq. The Americans also try to convince their allies to increase their contingents. However, any radical solution of this problem is still pending.
To all appearance, exact agreements between Hamid Karzai and Pervez Musharraf have got matured. The terror in Pakistan itself also aggravated, such situation may affect the position of the Pakistani leader. The Pakistan Army Command continually reproached the President for inadequate severity in fighting the Islamic terrorists, for poor intelligence and military-technical support of anti-terrorist operations.
Until recently, Pervez Musharraf was against participation of foreign troops in suppressing terrorists in Pakistan, he always strongly negatively responded to individual US air strikes on Taliban bases in the North-Western Border Province.
At the same time, according to a source in Pakistan, on December 14 the Pakistani Islamic terrorist groups loyal to the Afghan Taliban Movement united to form the Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan (the Movement of the Taliban in Pakistan). The new movement makes it aim to conduct active combat operations against the US and NATO troops in Afghanistan, impose the moslem sacred law in the areas under their control and unleash “offensive jeehad” against the Armed Forces of Pakistan.
It is not impossible that Hamid Karzai will succeed to convince his Pakistani colleague to conclude legal agreements on expansion of cooperation in fighting against illicit armed units and provision of the right of the engaged troops to enter the territory of the neighboring country. Obviously, taking into consideration that in the local conditions the gangs may freely cross the Afghan-Pakistani border in any direction, such agreements became urgent.
But the expected agreements are rather sensitive in other aspect. The Afghan troops are incapable of conducting operations independently without air and other support of the NATO-lead international coalition. Therefore, the parties at the talks will also discuss the participation of the Americans and other Western allies.
Will Pervez Musharraf agree with such arrangements? The answer is still ambiguous.