The main tasks of the military department of the country are listed in the voluminous document: “to counteract violent extremism, deter and repel aggression, strengthen international and regional security, develop future armed forces.”
“The USA, seeking to gain adherence to international standards, will use military force, in close cooperation with its allies and partners in all cases, reserving the right to act unilaterally if necessary,” the document says.
In addition, the document, according to Chairman of the US Joint Chief of Staff Admiral Michael Mullen, states "the ways and means, by which our military will promote the national interests identified in the 2010 National Security Strategy.”
As noted in the document, the main US priority remains ensuring the safety of the American people, their territory and way of life. “We will continue to prevent attacks against the United States and its allies, to strengthen international and regional security and be prepared to repel the aggression, which could undermine international stability, while we are conducting a military campaign in Afghanistan and counteracting violent extremism around the world,” the new strategy emphasizes.
A strategic target ‘number one’, according to the document, for the Americans is still al-Qaeda group and its supporters in Afghanistan and Pakistan. It is also stated that to achieve the desired success, which means the destruction of the entire terrorist network, there need to be “close cooperation with NATO, our coalition partners, the governments of Afghanistan and Pakistan.” “We will pursue efforts to eliminate the influence of the Taliban. The threat of extremism, however is not limited by South and Central Asia only. Groups similar to al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula, Al-Shabab and Lashkar-e-Taiba are operating in Somalia, Yemen and world wide. In cooperation with our allies and partners, we will be ready to pursue, capture and kill extremists, wherever they may be.”
It was separately said about the role of the American nuclear forces. “As long as such weapons exist, the US nuclear weapons will continue to play a fundamental role in deterring a nuclear attack against the United States, its allies and partners. In accordance with the president’s point of view, we will reduce the number of our nuclear weapons. We will continue to improve our capabilities in the sphere of missile defense to reflect the limited missile attacks and to seek cooperation with our allies and partners with this view.”
The new US strategy pays a lot of attention to China. Thus, the document states that Washington “seeks positive, comprehensive cooperation” with China. “In this regard, the Pentagon intends to further develop military ties with China, expand the spheres of mutual interest and benefit, promote mutual understanding, prevent incorrect evaluation... We will promote our common interests by cooperating with China in fighting piracy and preventing the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, as well as using the influence of Beijing on the DPRK in order to preserve stability on the Korean peninsula.”
In this case, the USA focuses on stability in the Taiwan Strait. The Pentagon intends to “continue to closely monitor the development of China’s armed forces and how this will affect the military balance in the Taiwan Strait.” As it follows from the document, the American side “remains concerned over the scope and strategic goals of China’s armed forces modernization, China’s activity in space, cyberspace, in the Yellow Sea, East China and South China Seas.”
As concerns Russia and relations with it, the document is confined itself to mentioning just two sentences. “We will strengthen dialogue and military cooperation with Russia, based on our successful efforts to reduce strategic arms. We intend to seek cooperation with Russia in the fields of counter-terrorism, counter-proliferation of nuclear weapons and materials, in the space and missile defense systems, and we would welcome its more active role in ensuring security and stability in Asia.”