Russia and the United States have reached historic breakthrough on the Syrian issue - September 14 in Geneva, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov and U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry adopted a plan for the establishment of international control over chemical weapons at the disposal of Bashar al-Assad's government.
Since the clashes began in 2011 between the Syrian army, loyal to the government led by President Bashar al-Assad and armed opposition groups, Russia has been strongly blocking any foreign intervention in the conflict, including vetoing draft resolutions condemning the actions of the Syrian regime in the UN Security Council.
The first point of the Russian-American plan began to be implemented even before the negotiations in Geneva - Syrian authorities have applied for accession to the Convention on the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons. According to the agreements between the Russian Federation and the United States, already this week Damascus should provide the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons with full information about their chemical stockpiles. After that inspectors will go to Syria to double-check the data. The next step should be the destruction of chemical weapons, means of their delivery and production sites.
It should be noted that Russia with great difficulty managed to convince the Syrian leadership to give up chemical weapons, as it makes the country practically defenseless against possible aggression from Israel, which has long had not only chemical but also nuclear weapons (according to various estimates, from 80 to 200 warheads, at least) and has neither agreed to any international inspections, nor entered any international treaties on this matter. There are double standards, accepted by the Western states, which are one of the causes of the arms race in the region.
But despite this, the official Damascus welcomed the agreement of the Russian Federation and the United States, calling it a "victory for Syria," because they "have prevented the war."
The Syrian opposition, however, criticized the Russian-American plan, troubled by the fact that it does not punish Damascus for the chemical attack on August 21. The opponents of Bashar al-Assad demanded from the West to introduce a no-fly zone over Syria and prohibit the use of any missiles by the government forces.
The White House released a statement by President Barack Obama, which says the Geneva accords were made possible primarily due to the rigid position of the U.S. and the threat of use of its military force. The American leader made it clear that he does not reject the idea of a strike on Damascus. According to him, Washington will use force if the regime of Bashar al-Assad will break the agreements reached in Geneva. "If diplomacy fails, the United States remains prepared to act," Obama stated.
Moscow hopes that the peace efforts of President Vladimir Putin and the Russian diplomacy will prevent the attack on Syria by Washington and its allies.
It only remains to be added there is no guarantee that, in case of military strikes, chemical weapons will not fall into the hands of the Syrian rebels. At a time when military facilities and warehouses are destroyed and their security system is undermined, the rebels will be able to acquire chemical weapons relatively easily, which will lead to unpredictable consequences. Therefore, it is safe to say that the attacks on Syria will not solve the problem of chemical weapons in the country.